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6 Factors to Consider in Designing and Constructing a Pig Farm

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-02-21      Origin: Site

Why is Pig Farm Designing Important?

The quality of the pig farm design directly affects the health of the pigs along with their profitability.

There are no shortcuts on the road to success in pig farming but constructing a good one is a great start. 

In designing a pig farm, one must consider the feeding method, pig slaughtering weight, manure handling and the production plan. That said, here are the 6 factors you need to consider in the design of pig housing:

1. Location

hog farming

The location of the pig farm is vital to ensure that the pigs are in an ideal location. It is better that the pig farm is located somewhere conveniently for nearby urban and residential areas and has sufficient power and water supply. Other functional areas worth considering include a back-up pig house, boar house, breeder house, sow gestation house, sow farrowing house, piglet house, and fattening pig house.

Here are some of the factors that you need to consider when deciding the location of the pig farm:

  • The pig farm must be located in a higher land to prevent flooding during heavy rains and typhoons.

  • The pig farm must have sufficient shade from the sun and fresh air. Large-scale pig farms must be accessible to roads and rural areas throughout the year.

  • The location must suit a large-scale manure treatment system that connects to stable water and power supplies.

2. Climate

Owners should also give the climate in which the pigs will live utmost consideration. The optimum temperature must be maintained when placing pigs inside shed.

To give you an idea, here are the temperatures where pigs can thrive in:

1-day old piglets: 35°C

1 day-1week old piglets: 30°C

1-6 weeks old piglets: 24-30°C

Pigs from 20-60kg: 20-26°C

Pigs from 60-90 kg: 18-22°C

Adult Pigs: 18-22°C

3. House Insulation

The pig house must keep them protected against the bright sun and heavy rain. Proper insulation should start with their roofing.

Installing a pig farm ventilation fan is also a great way to keep their air quality clean. It is better to utilize good insulation materials in construction to prevent cold and heat.

4. Environmental Control System

environmental control system

Maintaining a comprehensive climate control system is vital in pig farming. Proper ventilations the key to keep the shed between 18 and 22 degrees for mature pigs and higher for piglets.

Pig farm ventilation can be either mechanical or natural.

Natural ventilation system: Makes use of doors and panels to promote air circulation throughout the shed.

Mechanical ventilation system: This need calls for a pig farm exhaust fan.

5. Automatic Feeding System & Water Drinking System

feeding system

The dry feeding system must be composed of the silo, feed delivery system, and feeder. It must have a closed design for better management and eliminate the risk of cross-infection.

When it comes to the automatic water drinking system, most pig farms utilize duck-billed and bowl-style drinkers. Regardless of the drinking system structure, it must get placed where pigs can easily reach them.

6. Manure Treatment System

It is integral to establish a manure treatment system for the pigs. Take time to design and build a comprehensive plan that prevents manure from overflowing and have them discharged throughout the farm to promote vegetative growth. The manure system can be stored and maintained in a lagoon, land structure, tank, and even a deep pit.

Here are some recommended manure treatment systems:

Pasture System: Manure is evenly distributed in pastures using a tractor and a manure spreader.

Drylot System: Pigs are confined and fed within a drylot pen where manure accumulates over the winter.

Enclosed System:Pigs remain in an enclosed shelter with partly slotted or completely slotted floors to handle feeding, watering, and manure collection.

Liquid Manure Handling System: Manure goes through concrete pits under slats or in an outdoor tank or earthen pit. It can also flow through a lagoon for further treatment. However, the nitrogen fertilizer tends to get eliminated during the treatment.

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